Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and relationship to background temperature and humidity; a summative analysis

Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit

Abstract


Toxoplasma gondii is a pathogen for human and animals including to dog. The toxoplasmosis in dog is a common parasitic infectious disease. There is a chance that the disease might be a zoonosis for human beings. The seroepidemiological study in dog is an important tool in prevention against zoonotic toxoplasmosis. There are some reports on seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs from several settings. Here, the authors perform a retrospectively summarizing on the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and relationship to background temperature and humidity. From correlation analysis, there is no statistical significant relationship between Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and background humidity (P > 0.0.5) but there is a weak but significant relationship between Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and background temperature (r = 0.585, P = 0.036) was seen. Based on the present report, there is no significant correlation for humidity but temperature. This means the disease is observable worldwide regardless of humidity background. The disease is an actual tropical infection that can becomes the global problem in the present era with the worldwide global warming.

Core tip:There is no statistical significant relationship between Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and background humidity, but there is a weak but significant relationship between Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and background temperature. Therefore, Toxoplasmosis transmission from dog is possible and can be seen in any setting that dog is kept as pet.

 Citation:Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and relationship to background temperature and humidity; a summative analysis. Acta Persica Pathophysiologica 2018

 

 


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